What are cardiovascular problems and how to treat them?
Cardio vascular problems are so widespread and prevalent that by the year 2025, around 25mn people both men and women would have been affected by them.
What are cardio vascular diseases?
The cardio vascular system comprises mainly of heart, arteries and veins is responsible for transporting the blood throughout the body. The arteries take the pure, oxygenated blood from the heart to the body and the veins take the impure, and oxygen depleted blood from the body back to the heart for purification. This whole system is also known as circulation system.
What are the common cardio vascular diseases?
Cardiac diseases: diseases or conditions that affect the working of the heart.
Coronary artery disease: due to excessive fats, calcium or inflaming agents in the blood, the arteries start getting clogged and hard, which cause trouble in effective functioning of the heart
Arrhythmia: a normal, healthy hearts beats somewhere around 60-100 times in a minute. Anyone suffering from this condition will have irregular heartbeats which are either v slow or v fast.
Heart failure: around 5 million people every year suffer from heart failure. With the growing age, the efficiency of heart in pumping blood reduces which when not cared for, can even lead to heart failure. Lack of oxygenated blood in the body can be characterized by symptoms like difficulty in breathing and water retention.
Angina pain: an angina pain is usually associated with shortness of breath, indigestion and pain in chest, arms or jaw. It is not a problem in itself, but an indication of an underlying heart problem. If it is not taken care of, it can lead to Heart attack or a Heart failure.
Heart attack: arteries are usually narrowed by substances like fatty cells and calcium. If not diagnosed timely, they get completely blocked, which stops the oxygen from reaching the blood. The heart starves for oxygen and that leads to a heart attack. A heart can recover after a heart attack, but its working is considerably affected.
Cardio myopathy: a condition in which the heart is unusually large, thick or stiff is known was cardio myopathy. As the heart ages, it weakens and its working is reduced. It can lead to heart failure or arrhythmia.
Vascular diseases: any condition which affects the arteries, veins or other vessels is known as vascular diseases. Any problem in the vessel system of the body can lead to heart problems, strokes, high blood pressure and can even affect the functioning of the brain.
Cardio vascular diseases in women
According to a study, women are 55 percent more prone to depression which is a major reason for heart problems. So much so, that nearly 50% of the women in US die because of cardio vascular problems. Smoking, consuming food high in sodium, giving pre term births are signs of an unhealthy healthy. Also women who start menstruating earlier are more prone to being obese and hence suffering from heart issues.
Cardio vascular diseases in children:
The major effect of the change in lifestyle has been on the children. They are more addicted to technology and junk food which is a deadly combo and takes a toll on their health. Children as young as 7 years old develop heart conditions. Ensure that your child is getting is picking up the right habits which are important for his healthy future.
How to treat cardio vascular diseases?
Cardio vascular diseases cannot be treated, but don’t lose heart. With lifestyle changes, proper medication and care, they can be managed easily.
Healthy food: food has a significant effect on the health of your heart. Foods rich in trans-fat, saturated fat and high sodium content can put a considerable pressure on the heart. The WHO has advised against taking more than 2g of sodium in a day. Anything more than that will affect the heart. On the other hand opting for foods like fruits, vegetables, proteins, legumes and nuts can remove the plaque forming substances from the blood and improve the functioning of the heart.
Exercise: heart is like any other muscle in the body, and for any muscle to be healthy it needs exercise. A moderate workout of 40 minutes every day will ensure that your heart stays in good condition.
Smoking: smoking or inhaling second hand smoke is one of the main reasons for developing cardiovascular problems. Smoking affects the health of vessels and plays a huge role in developing plaque in them. Along with this, it also reduces the level of good cholesterol (HDL) in the blood.
Body weight: being overweight raises the chances of developing many health problems including heart problems, diabetes and high blood pressure. Keep your weight as close as possible to your ideal weight for a healthy heart and body.
Quality sleep: not getting enough sleep affects the mind, body, and metabolism. An adult on an average needs 7 to 9 hour of sleep. Anything less than that on a continuous basis can lead to high blood pressure, depression and obesity.
Stress: with such a fast paced lifestyle comes stress. Some people to deal with stress use measures like over eating, drinking which can harm your body especially heart in a major way. With high stress, comes high level of cortisol which hampers the functioning of the heart and can even cause diabetes. Go for options like breathing exercises and meditation to deal with stress in a healthy way.