Type1: It is diagnosed by the condition in which, the pancreas fail to produce enough insulin, which causes the blood glucose level to increase. It is less common and only 10% of patients suffer from type-1 diabetes. It usually occurs before the patient is 40 yrs old. The only solution to this problem is insulin injections. Type 1 diabetes is usually causes due to genetic reasons.
Type2: It is diagnosed by the condition in which, the body is incapable of using the insulin produced efficiently. This condition is called insulin resistance.90% of the people suffer from this type of diabetes and is usually caused due to lifestyle problems. Being overweight, inactive lifestyle, unhealthy eating habits are the main reason for developing type 2 diabetes. As the patient grows old, the problem becomes worse.
Gestational diabetes: in this condition, to- be mother develops high blood sugar levels only during the pregnancy. The reason for it is, less production of insulin. It is usually managed with diet and lifestyle changes. Untreated gestational diabetes can cause complications in the process of child birth.
Pre-diabetes: In this condition, the level of blood glucose is high in the blood, but not so high that it can be clearly classified as diabetes. Though it can usually be treated with just weight loss and exercise, it should not be taken lightly. Even if the patient is pre diabetic, a considerable damage has already been done to the various systems in the body.